Gabor's signal expansion and the Gabor transform based on a non-orthogonal sampling geometry

Martin J. Bastiaans and Arno J. van Leest

Gabor's signal expansion and the Gabor transform are formulated on a non-orthogonal time-frequency lattice instead of on the traditional rectangular lattice. The reason for doing so is that a non-orthogonal sampling geometry might be better adapted to the form of the window functions (in the time-frequency domain) than an orthogonal one. Oversampling in the Gabor scheme, which is required to have mathematically more attractive properties for the analysis window, then leads to better results in combination with less oversampling. The new procedure presented in this paper is based on considering the non-orthogonal lattice as a sub-lattice of a denser orthogonal lattice that is oversampled by a rational factor. In doing so, Gabor's signal expansion on a non-orthogonal lattice can be related to the expansion on an orthogonal lattice (restricting ourselves, of course, to only those sampling points that are part of the non-orthogonal sub-lattice), and all the techniques that have been derived for rectangular sampling can be used, albeit in a slightly modified form.

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